2021 PACES Expert Consensus Statement on the Indications and Management of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices in Pediatric Patients: Executive Summary

Michael J. Silka, Maully J. Shah, Jennifer N. Avari Silva, Seshadri Balaji, Cheyenne M. Beach, Monica N. Benjamin, Charles I. Berul, Bryan Cannon, Frank Cecchin, Mitchell I. Cohen, Aarti S. Dalal, Brynn E. Dechert, Anne Foster, Roman Gebauer, M. Cecilia Gonzalez Corcia, Prince J. Kannankeril, Peter P. Karpawich, Jeffery J. Kim, Mani Ram Krishna, Peter KubušMartin J. LaPage, Douglas Y. Mah, Lindsey Malloy‑Walton, Aya Miyazaki, Kara S. Motonaga, Mary C. Niu, Melissa Olen, Thomas Paul, Eric Rosenthal, Elizabeth V. Saarel, Massimo Stefano Silvetti, Elizabeth A. Stephenson, Reina B. Tan, John Triedman, Nicholas H. Von Bergen, Philip L. Wackel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-346
Number of pages24
JournalAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2022


  • Antiarrhythmic drug therapy
  • Antitachycardia pacing
  • Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy
  • Asystole
  • Atrioventricular block
  • Bradycardia
  • Brugada syndrome
  • Cardiac channelopathies
  • Cardiac transplantation
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cardiovascular implantable electronic devices
  • Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia
  • Children
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Coronary artery compression
  • ECG
  • Echocardiography
  • Endocardial lead
  • Epicardial lead
  • Expert consensus statement
  • Genetic arrhythmias
  • Heart block
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Insertable cardiac monitor
  • KEYWORDS Ambulatory ECG monitoring
  • Lead extraction
  • Lead removal
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Low‑ and middle‑income countries
  • MR imaging
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Pacemaker
  • Pediatrics
  • Postoperative
  • Remote monitoring
  • Shared decision‑making
  • Sick sinus syndrome
  • Sports and physical activity
  • Sudden cardiac arrest
  • Sudden cardiac death
  • Syncope
  • Transvenous
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

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