2019 update of the WSES guidelines for management of Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection in surgical patients

Massimo Sartelli, Stefano Di Bella, Lynne V. McFarland, Sahil Khanna, Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Nadir Abuzeid, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Luca Ansaloni, Goran Augustin, Miklosh Bala, Offir Ben-Ishay, Walter L. Biffl, Stephen M. Brecher, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Miguel A. Caínzos, Shirley Chan, Jill R. Cherry-Bukowiec, Jesse Clanton, Federico Coccolini, Maria E. CocuzRaul Coimbra, Francesco Cortese, Yunfeng Cui, Jacek Czepiel, Zaza Demetrashvili, Isidoro Di Carlo, Salomone Di Saverio, Irina M. Dumitru, Christian Eckmann, Edward H. Eiland, Joseph D. Forrester, Gustavo P. Fraga, Jean L. Frossard, Donald E. Fry, Rita Galeiras, Wagih Ghnnam, Carlos A. Gomes, Ewen A. Griffiths, Xavier Guirao, Mohamed H. Ahmed, Torsten Herzog, Jae Il Kim, Tariq Iqbal, Arda Isik, Kamal M.F. Itani, Francesco M. Labricciosa, Yeong Y. Lee, Paul Juang, Aleksandar Karamarkovic, Peter K. Kim, Yoram Kluger, Ari Leppaniemi, Varut Lohsiriwat, Gustavo M. MacHain, Sanjay Marwah, John E. Mazuski, Gokhan Metan, Ernest E. Moore, Frederick A. Moore, Carlos A. Ordoñez, Leonardo Pagani, Nicola Petrosillo, Francisco Portela, Kemal Rasa, Miran Rems, Boris E. Sakakushev, Helmut Segovia-Lohse, Gabriele Sganga, Vishal G. Shelat, Patrizia Spigaglia, Pierre Tattevin, Cristian Tranà, Libor Urbánek, Jan Ulrych, Pierluigi Viale, Gian L. Baiocchi, Fausto Catena

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations


In the last three decades, Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has increased in incidence and severity in many countries worldwide. The increase in CDI incidence has been particularly apparent among surgical patients. Therefore, prevention of CDI and optimization of management in the surgical patient are paramount. An international multidisciplinary panel of experts from the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) updated its guidelines for management of CDI in surgical patients according to the most recent available literature. The update includes recent changes introduced in the management of this infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
JournalWorld Journal of Emergency Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 28 2019


  • Antimicrobial stewardship
  • Antimicrobial treatment
  • Clostridioides difficile infection
  • Clostridium difficile infection
  • Fecal microbiota transplantation
  • Infection control
  • Pseudomembranous colitis


Dive into the research topics of '2019 update of the WSES guidelines for management of Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection in surgical patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this