Objective. To provide consensus guidelines for the management of women with histologically confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), which can act as a precursor to invasive cervical cancer and represents one of the most common significant gynecologic diseases of women of reproductive age. Participants. An independent panel of 121 experts in various aspects of the diagnosis and management of cervical cancer precursors, including representatives from 29 participating professional organizations, federal agencies, national and international health organizations, and others invited by the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP). Consensus process. Guidelines for the management of women with CIN were developed through a multistep process. Working groups, who performed formal literature reviews and obtained input from the professional community at large by way of an interactive Internet-based bulletin board, developed draft management guidelines. At the ASCCP Consensus Conference, September 6-8, 2001, in Bethesda, Maryland, all guidelines were discussed, revised, and adopted by formal vote. Conclusions. Evidence-based guidelines have been developed for the management of women with biopsy-confirmed CIN.