β-secretase inhibitor GRL-8234 rescues age-related cognitive decline in APP transgenic mice

Wan Pin Chang, Xiangping Huang, Deborah Downs, John R. Cirrito, Gerald Koelsch, David M. Holtzman, Arun K. Ghosh, Jordan Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer disease is intimately linked to an excess amount of amyloid-β (Aβ) in the brain. Thus, therapeutic inhibition of Aβ production is an attractive clinical approach to treat this disease. Here we provide the first direct experimental evidence that the treatment of Tg2576 transgenic mice with an inhibitor of β-secretase, GRL-8234, rescues the age-related cognitive decline. We demonstrated that the injected GRL-8234 effectively enters the brain and rapidly decreases soluble Aβ in the brain of Tg2576 mice. The rescue of cognition, which was observed only after long-term inhibitor treatment ranging from 5 to 7.5 mo, was associated with a decrease of brain amyloid-β plaque load. We also found no accumulation of amyloid-β precursor protein after several months of inhibitor treatment. These observations substantiate the idea that Aβ accumulation plays a major role in the cognitive decline of Tg2576 mice and support the concept of Aβ reduction therapy as a treatment of AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-784
Number of pages10
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Memapsin 2
  • Tg2576

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