David Piston

Professor of Cell Biology and Physiology, Head of the Department of Cell Biology and Physiology

    • 13728 Citations
    1989 …2020

    Research output per year

    If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

    Personal profile

    Research interests

    The convergence of newly developed instrumentation and optical probes allows us to examine quantitatively dynamic processes within ever more complicated biological systems. These new tools are revolutionizing almost all fields of biomedical research, and we continue to optimize such methods and expand the scope of their applicability. In our lab, research questions are focused on a model multicellular system, the islet of Langerhans, which is the functional unit responsible for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and glucose inhibition of glucagon secretion. The islet contains glucagon secreting Alpha-cells, insulin-secreting Beta-cells, and somatostatin-secreting Delta-cells, among others. The long-term goal of our work is to understand at a quantitative molecular level the subcellular, cellular, and multicellular mechanisms of islet function, and its role in the regulation of blood glucose under normal and pathological conditions. Rotation projects are available in all the lab’s research areas. The therapeutic success of insulin has led most islet research to focus on Beta-cells, although recent findings have strengthened our understanding of glucagon’s critical role in glucose homeostasis and the pathology of diabetes. Interactions with other islet cell types are thought to be involved in glucose-inhibition of glucagon secretion, since this inhibition is lost in vivo during Type 1 and advanced Type 2 diabetes, and in vitro when Beta-cells are isolated from the islet. While many compounds have been shown to inhibit glucagon secretion from islets, no consensus model has been reached. The secretory product of Delta-cells, somatostatin, is a promising molecular mediator of this interaction, but somatostatin alone does not inhibit glucagon secretion from isolated Alpha-cells. This suggests that other cell-cell interactions within the islet are required to combine with somatostatin for proper function. Using quantitative imaging methods and novel microfluidic devices, the dynamics of these molecular mechanisms can be followed in living cells within intact islets. These investigations utilize several available transgenic and tissue-specific knock-out mouse models with demonstrated phenotypes, as well as traditional biochemical and molecular biological approaches.

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where David Piston is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

    Research Output

    Primary cilia control glucose homeostasis via islet paracrine interactions

    Hughes, J. W., Cho, J. H., Conway, H. E., DiGruccio, M. R., Ng, X. W., Roseman, H. F., Abreu, D., Urano, F. & Piston, D. W., Apr 21 2020, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 117, 16, p. 8912-8923 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 1 Scopus citations

    Wolfram syndrome 1 gene regulates pathways maintaining beta-cell health and survival

    Abreu, D., Asada, R., Revilla, J. M. P., Lavagnino, Z., Kries, K., Piston, D. W. & Urano, F., Jun 1 2020, In : Laboratory Investigation. 100, 6, p. 849-862 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 5 Scopus citations

    Adipose tissue NAD+ biosynthesis is required for regulating adaptive thermogenesis and whole-body energy homeostasis in mice

    Yamaguchi, S., Franczyk, M. P., Chondronikola, M., Qi, N., Gunawardana, S. C., Stromsdorfer, K. L., Porter, L. C., Wozniak, D. F., Sasaki, Y., Rensing, N., Wong, M., Piston, D. W., Klein, S. & Yoshino, J., 2019, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 116, 47, p. 23822-23828 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 6 Scopus citations

    A short translational ramp determines the efficiency of protein synthesis

    Verma, M., Choi, J., Cottrell, K. A., Lavagnino, Z., Thomas, E. N., Pavlovic-Djuranovic, S., Szczesny, P., Piston, D. W., Zaher, H. S., Puglisi, J. D. & Djuranovic, S., Dec 1 2019, In : Nature communications. 10, 1, 5774.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 8 Scopus citations

    Beta-cell excitability and excitability-driven diabetes in adult Zebrafish islets

    Emfinger, C. H., Lőrincz, R., Wang, Y., York, N. W., Singareddy, S. S., Ikle, J. M., Tryon, R. C., McClenaghan, C., Shyr, Z. A., Huang, Y., Reissaus, C. A., Meyer, D., Piston, D. W., Hyrc, K., Remedi, M. S. & Nichols, C. G., Jun 2019, In : Physiological Reports. 7, 11, e14101.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 3 Scopus citations